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Himeji Castle

  •  Existence : The Castle Tower  
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    Structure, the history, charm of Himeji Castle

    Himeji Castle is a castle (Flatland Mountain Castle) which was in current Himeji-shi, Hyogo of Japan.

    On December 11, 1993 , this Castle was enrolled in a first Japanese World Heritage (Cultural Heritage) with Buddhist Monuments in the Houryu-ji Temple Area.
     On this occasion, " Heisei Medium-term Conservation Repair Plan " was enacted and from 2009 to 2015 it was decided to carry out repair work of Himeji Castle Tower. This is the so-called "The Great Repair of Heisei".
     In March, 2015, "The Great Repair of Heisei" for five and a half years is over during a total construction period and attracts visitors with a new figure now.
     The theory that Himeji Castle's beginning was built by Sadanori Akamatsu in 1346 is powerful,and this opinion is adopted in "History of Himeji Castle" and "Himeji-shi".
     When Kuroda and Hashiba become a castle warden from the Late Sengoku era to the Azuchimomoyama era,Himeji Castle put in strategic point, Himeji of the traffic on Sanyo Expressway is expanded in a real castle, It was expanded by Terumasa Ikeda who became the lord of a castle after the Battle of Sekigahara more today to a seen large-scale castle.
     Miki Castle and Aga Castle fell in 1580, and Harima is subjugated, Yoshitaka Kuroda advises Hideyoshi Toyotomi " To reside in the Himeji Castle as a stronghold " and presents Himeji Castles to Hideyoshi Toyotomi. and he himself moved to Kouyama Castle located southwest of Himeji Castle across Ichikawa river.
     Hideyoshi Toyotomi changed Himeji Castle to the modern Castle around Himeyama by the great repair that he performed in March, 1581 from April, 1580. and he surround this Castle with a Stone Wall prevalent in those days and built the Castle Tower (three levels) in a Taikoumaru and he changed the name of this Castle to " Himeji Castle ".
     Hideyoshi formed a large-scale Castle Town in the southern part of Himeji Castle and maintained Himeji to become the Harima nation's capital. In doing so, he changes the course of Sanyo Expressway which ran in the north of Himeji and changes it to go along the Castle Town of the south side.
     In June, 1582 , Hideyoshi kills Mitsuhide Akechi who killed lord Nobunaga by a fight of Yamasaki, and he run at a stretch to the position of the one who reigns over the whole country.  For it, he moved to Osaka Castle which was built as a base of the world unification in 1583. Younger brother Hidenaga Toyotomi entered to Himeji Castle, but he was changed to Yamatokoriyama in 1585 . It was replaced and Iesada Kinoshita entered.
     In 1600, Terumasa Ikeda entered this Castle by the meritorious services in War of the Battle of Sekigahara in Himeji Castle in Harima 52 Mangoku (Harima one rule) from Mikawa Yoshida 15 Mangoku.
     Terumasa received an order to check Saigoku Daimyou with many daimyos of the Toyotomi favor from Ieyasu Tokugawa. And for it he built the very large castle which contained Yadomura, Nakamura, Koderamura around the Hime Mountain by the large repair hung for eight years from 1601.
     The middle Moat put the gate every eight towns and was a plan to conclude Shikama Tsu with Shiroshita in a canal from an outside Moat.
     But with the death of Terumasa, it was finished being unfinished without being able to solve the problem of pitch differences and topography. The canal plan repairs Semba River in the times of later Tadamasa Honda and will come true.
     In addition, Akashi castle, Akoho Castle, Miki Castle, Rikan Castle, Tatsuno castle, Takasago Castle was maintained of the Harima country as a branch Castle of Himeji Castle, too.
     This Castle becomes the feudal clan agency of the Himeji feudal clan in the Edo era, and further a Saigoku Tandai was installed for monitoring of Tozama Daimyo in Saigoku,  but the daimyo that it is changes it with the lord of a castle frequently because the lord of a castle cannot carry out a check duty when it is a children ,illness ,incompetence.
     For approximately 530 years, 13 people 48 generations acted as the lord of a castle when counted from Akamatsu.

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