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Tsuyama Castle

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Structure, the history, charm of Tsuyama Castle

Tsuyama Castle is a castle (Flatland Mountain Castle) which was in current Tsuyama-shi, Okayama of Japan.

It is located in the central part of the Tsuyama Basin, It takes in the natural cliff of the hill and Miyakawa river flowing through the eastern part of the castle to a defense line.
In 1441, It is a beginning that Norikiyo Yamana which was the feudal lord of the Mimasaka country gives Tadamasa Yamana of the whole families an order and build Turuyama Castle on the hill where the current Tsuyama castle is built. However, this castle becomes the abandoned castle after Yamana declined by Onin War. In 1603, Tadamasa Mori entered the country in 186000 koku, and Tsuyama feudal clan is formed. In the same year, he started construction of the Tsuyama Castle seen now. In addition, he changed the place name to "Tsuyama" from "Kakuzan". In 1616, this took time of 13 years and was completed. It is a modern Castle with more than 80 buildings including a Castle Tower, an Oar, and a Castle Gates. In 1697, the Mori family was discontinued. And he become a caretaker of Aki country Hiroshima feudal lord Tsunanaga Asano. In 1698, Nobutomi Matsudaira entered this country from Echigo country Takada feudal clan in 100000 koku. He become the lord of a Castle until establishment of prefectures in place of feudal domains of 1871 afterward. In 1809, a Honmaru palace has been destroyed by fire by a fire. In 1873, It becomes the Ministry of Finance management, and it is sold at auction by a deserted castle law. From 1874 through 1875, The buildings such as a Castle Tower and the Oar were all destroyed. In 1890, the Stone Wall of the Koshimaki ruins collapsed. This caused the preservation movement of the castle to take place. In 1900, It is become the municipal ownership and the site of castle becomes Kakuzan park. Afterward, it was preserved and maintained under the management of Tsuyama Town and a lot of cherry trees were planted.