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Iwakuni Castle

【 Chugoku 】 area


Structure, the history, charm of Iwakuni Castle

Iwakuni Castle is a castle (Mountain Castle) which was in current Yokoyama, Iwakuni-shi, Yamaguchi of Japan.

As for Terumoto Mori who lost at the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, a territory was largely reduced and became the change to Hagi Castle from Hiroshima Castle. At the same time Hiroie Kikkawa who made efforts in the Mori House continuation was changed in 30,000 koku from Yonago Castle To Hagi.
In 1601, Hiroie started for its new post on this country, and construction of a castle of Iwakuni Castle was started in this way. "Odoi" which became the House of the time of Peace was built in the foot, and Wartime Castle "Yokoyama Castle" was built in the top of the Yokoyama Mountain. Time of eight years was spent on construction of this Castle, and at first "Odoi" was completed in 1602. Construction of Yokoyama Castle was almost started with Odoi completion for the same period and was completed in 1608. The Castle Tower on four folds of the sixth floor built in Honmaru was a peculiar form called " Nanban building ". However, In 1615 only seven years after completion, the Shogunate promulgated "The Ikkoku Ichijo Rei ( Law of One Castle per One Province )" and Yokoyama Castle was destroyed and became the abandoned castle. As for this, there was only this Iwakuni Castle in the Suo country, but depends on what he couldn't but add and Hidemoto Mori of the Chofu feudal clan having destroyed Kushizaki Castle.
 Afterwards Odoi of the foot was used as encampment of the Iwakuni territory and continued until the Meiji Restoration after the establishment of the feudal clan of 1868 as the encampment.