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Gifu Castle

【 Hokuriku ・ Tokai 】 area


Structure, the history, charm of Gifu Castle

Gofu Castle is a castle (Mountain Castle) which was in current Kinkasan of Gifu-shi, Gifu of Japan.

It is located in the east key point of Kyoto, and seeing from Kinkasan of the steep figure of a mountain, it is known as an impregnable fine castle, but there is really five times of the fall of a Castle in history.
The mountaintop part opened up a sterile ridge and developed land for Kuruwa with a Stone Wall, but there were few flatness sides basically, and the well is only for storing rainwater, and was unsuitable for a long-term siege war by a great number of people for last years of the Sengoku period. But there is not the record that fell by starvation tactics, and there are many examples surrendering to by the turning over of colleague and by the estrangement of the soldier.
This castle is eminent height now among castles constructed a castle, and the clear stream Nagara River which is famous for cormorant fishing under eyes from the top floor flows through the city, and Mount Ena, Kiso Ontakesan are magnificent in the east, turn up, and Norikura mountain, the Japan Alps range to the north. In addition, Ibuki, Yoro, mountain range of Suzuka range to the west, and to the south, Wide plain of the Noubi region open wealthily and a flow of Kiso river is calm and can put a state flowing into Ise Bay in the sweep of the eye.
It is considered to be an opening that Yukimasa NIkaido built the fort in Inabayama Mountain in 1201 In 1539, Mino sub-military commissioner, Saito Toshinaga ( Dosan Saito ) restores this Castle and assumes it this Castle ( Inabayama Castle ). Afterwards Dosan Saito expelled a military commissioner and obtained Mino one country and Inabayama Castle. Dosan rebuilt this Castle and laid emphasis on the maintenance of the Castle Town more. In 1567, Nobunaga Oda captures Mino country and breaks Tatsuoki Saito who is a grandchild of Dosan and obtains Inabayama Castle.
 Nobunaga moved a base to this place from Komakiyama Castle of Owari and changed the place name from "Inokuchi" to "Gifu". Nobunaga bases on here for ten years before moving to Azuchi Castle, and started to the Tenka Toitsu ( unification of the whole country ). Nobunaga built a luxurious house said to be " Senjojiki Palace " in the foot of Kinkazan Mountain. Nobunaga made power in various ways to the town layout and established " Rakuichi-rakuza " (free markets and open guilds policy) and aimed prosperity and made a stunning Castle Town. In 1576, Nobunaga assumes legitimate child Nobutada Oda the lord of a castle of the Gifu Castle, and handed over birthright of the Odas and handed over two countries of Mino and Owari too.
 In 1582, Honnoji-Temple Incident happened, and Nobutada was defeated with Nobunaga. Afterward Nobutaka Oda became the lord of a Castle. However, in 1583, Nobutaka Oda surrendered when Gifu Castle was surrounded at the time of Battle of Shizugatake by Nobukatsu Oda who was his older brother. At this time, Motosuke Ikeda becomes the lord of Gifu Castle. In 1584, Tsuneoki Ikeda ・ Motosuke parent and child died at the " The Battle of Komaki Nagakute ". In 1585, Terumasa Ikeda who is the second son of Tsuneoki Ikeda assumes it a castle. In 1591, Hidekatsu Toyotomi becomes the lord of the Gifu Castle on behalf of Terumasa by a change seal.
 When Hidekatsu Toyotomi dies in 1592, Hidenobu Oda possesses Mino country Gifu 130,000 koku and becomes the lord of the Gifu Castle. In 1600, Hidenobu Oda supported the West Military in response to raising an army of Mitsunari Ishida. Hidenobu Oda shut himself up in the Gifu Castle as a preliminary skirmish of " the Battle of Sekigahara ", but it was attacked by Masanori Fukushima and Terumasa Ikeda and others and as a result defeated ( Fight of the Gifu Castle ). Hidenobu and his younger brother Hidenori tried to kill themselves, however, they gave it up by persuasion of Terumasa and surrendered. Hidenobu Oda who based on the Gifu Castle was expelled. In 1601, Ieyasu Tokugawa decided to assume Gifu Castle an abandoned castle. and changed the name of this city to " Kano " from " Gifu ". In 1602, Kano Castle was constructed as a substitute for Gifu Castle, and Nobumasa Okudaira who is the son-in-law of Ieyasu Tokugawa entered to this Castle .