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Bitchu Matsuyama Castle

  •  Existence : The Castle Tower  
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    【 Chugoku 】 area


    Structure, the history, charm of Bitchu Matsuyama Castle

    Bitchu Matsuyama Castle is a castle (Mountain Castle) which was in current Uchiyamashiyta, Takahashi-shi, Okayama of Japan.

    This Castle is on the Mt. Gagyuu mountaintop of 430 meters above sea level, and it is only Mountain Castle having an existence Castle Tower. The figure which floats in a sea of clouds if time or a condition match is seen. In this Castle, we can observe both "The Middle Ages Castle" where Kuruwa and Horikiri are left and "The early modern times Castle" where a building and a Stone Wall, an earthen wall are left. This Castle played a role as the base of Bitchu as "a symbol of Bitchu Matsuyama" in the Edo era and as "the Castle for wars" from the Kamakura era to the Sengoku era.
     In 1240, Saburo Shigenobu Akiba built the first Castle in Omatsuyama Mountain. In about 1331, Muneyasu Takahashi expanded this Castle in Komatsuyama Mountain. The lord of a castle changes with Ueno, Sho, Mimura with the times. For the Sengoku period , it became the big fort which assumed Omatsuyama Mountain, Komatsuyama Mountain a range in the times of Motochika Mimura. In 1570, When Motochika made a sortie to attack Naoie Ukita who pushed forward a soldier in Bicchu, this Castle was occupied by a vassal connected with Naoie. However, in 1571, He got cooperation of Motokiyo Hoida and defeated this vassal and recaptured a Castle. In 1574, Motochika Mimura grew away from Mori and supported Nobunaga Oda. Over the next year, the Battle of Mimura and Mori continued. In the fight, The Castle was conquered by Takakage Kobayakawa of Mori, and Motochika killed himself/herself. It became the possession of Mori afterwards.
     In 1600, After Mori lost by the Battle of Sekigahara in the West Military, Tokugawa shogunate government employed a Joban (guard of a castle). In 1617, Nagayoshi Ikeda entered to this Castle and established a clan with 63,000 koku, but, in 1641, the above-mentioned family becomes extinct in the second generation. The Masanari Mizuno vassal of the Bingo Fukuyama feudal lord became a Joban (guard of a castle). In 1642, Katsutaka Mizunoya entered to this Castle in 50,000 koku. Katsumune of the second generation performed the great repairing for three years including the Castle Tower Building from 1681 through 1683, and this Castle became the current figure. However, Katsuyoshi of the third generation dies without a heiress. Katsuharu who became the adopted child died young at 13 years old only one month later, and the Mizunoyas died out. Ako feudal lord, Naganori Asano dealt with the receiving of the castle after the Mizunoyas break, and senior retainer, Yoshio Oishi became a Joban (guard of a castle). In 1695, Shigehiro Ando enters this Castle in 65,000 koku, but is a change seal in 1711. In the same year, Fusayoshi ishikawa entered this Castle in 60,000 koku. When Ishikawa became the change seal in 1744, Katsuzumi Itakura entered this Castle in 50,000 koku, and afterwards, Itakura lasted eight generations until the Meiji era. On February 11, 1868, the Matsuyama feudal clan, which was regarded as the enemy during the Boshin War, was bloodlessly castle-cut by the decision of Hokoku Yamada of the person of doctrines of Wang Yang-ming.
     In 1873, an Abandoned Castle Law was promulgated, but because it was in the too inconvenient place, the building on the mountain was left unattended without being dismantled and gradually went to ruin. After that, it became protected in the era of the Showa era, and the Castle Tower at the time was left.




    Book-18-Bitchu Matsuyama-Castle
    18:Bitchu Matsuyama