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Odawara Castle

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【 Kanto ・ Koshinetsu 】 area

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Structure, the history, charm of Odawara Castle

Odawara Castle is a castle (Flatland Mountain Castle) which was in current Odawara-shi, Kanagawa of Japan.

This Castle is famous as a stronghold of Hojo. The biggest characteristic is the very large outer fence that was made to be opposed to the Toyotomi forces. It surrounded the whole town of Odawara in earthwork and the dried foss of 9 kilometers of total extension from Hachimanyama Mountain to the sea side and exceeded later "Toyotomi Osaka Castle".
 The beginning of 15th century, it is thought that it was constructed when Omori went into the Odawara area. In 1495, Soun Ise (later Soun Hojou) took this and gave Hojo from the second generation Ujitsuna and lived in this Castle. It was expanded at the time of Ujiyasu of the third generation and became the base of the Kanto conquest by Hojo five generations. In 1590, it fell by Odawara attack of Hideyoshi Toyotomi, the scale of this Castle was reached its maximum, when completed a large outer fence around the Castle Town for the next attack of Hideyoshi before it, and it became the Japan's biggest Castle of Middle Ages. In 1591 after the surrender, the castle was destroyed because of its staunchness. After Hojo extinction, Fudai daimyo ( Hereditary daimyo ) of Tokugawa shogunate government became the lord of a Castle. In Odawara Castle, the twice of 1633 and 1703 is caught in a major Earthquake through the Edo era, too, above all, it suffered serious damage such as a Castle Tower or an Oar collapsing by the Earthquake of the Genroku era. It was 1706 that a Castle Tower was rebuilt, and this rebuilding Castle Tower survived until it was dismantled in the Meiji era
 In 1870, it became the abandoned Castle and most buildings were dismantled.

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