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Sendai Castle

【 Hokkaido ・ Tohoku 】 area


Structure, the history, charm of Sendai Castle

Sendai Castle is a castle (Flatland Mountain Castle) which was in Aobayama of current Aoba-ku, Sendai-shi, Miyagi of Japan.

 It was Date successive castle for approximately 270 years to an establishment of prefectures in place of feudal domains, abandoned castle law after Masamune Date constructed it in the Keicho era and was the administrative office of the Sendai feudal clan. The Sendai Castle that Masamune Date built was a national-scale Castle by approximately 20,000 tsubos.
 In Aobayama Mountain, a Castle existed before the Date. From the end of the Kamakura period to the middle of the Muromachi period Mr. Shimazu did a castle as Mutsunokami , and it is also reported that Mr. Kokubu did a castle in the late Muromachi period. When Morishige Kokubun of the lord of the Castle who was an uncle of Masamune Date ran away in conflict with Masamune, the Sendai Castle (千代城) became the abandoned Castle. Masamune got the permission of Ieyasu Tokugawa after the Battle of Sekigahara and decided to move the castle to Sendai (千代). In 1601, Masamune climbed Aobayama Mountain, started territory, changed the place name here to Sendai(仙台). Masamune performed large-scale public works and built Honmaru which defended by a Stone Wall and Earthwork in Aobayama Mountain. However, Masamune hesitated to build the Castle Tower as power of Hideyoshi was strong at the time of the start of construction.
 After a while, as the world became the peace of mind, because the traffic between the top of the mountain and the foot was inconvenient, in the second generation lord, Tadamune Date started construction of Ninomaru in 1637 and completed the following year. There is Ninomaru inside of the Hirose River as well as Honmaru, but land is a flat place. The present head of a household of the Dates lived here, and the state affairs were done here, too. Through the Edo era, it lost a part of the building and the Stone Wall several times, and, the Sendai Castle was rebuilt by a fire and an earthquake each time. Because Sendai did not become the battlefield by the Boshin War either, the Sendai Castle finished the duty as the fortress since the foundation without receiving an attack once.